At the end of the module the candidate can confidently demonstrate that they can capsize and re-enter their kayak safely with or without assistance and raft up.

Learning Outcomes Suggestions
Safely capsize in surf 3 ways to remove skirt on land – Lean forward, bang bottom, side swipe, hands to hips, tag down forward, push out of boat, hang onto boat and paddle. Assess risk of paddler. Higher risk means more supervision.
Effect a T Rescue as an assisted rescue in safe waters


Kayak righted and bow lifted by rescuer and pulled over their boat. Drained of water, flipped over and put back into the water, boats preferably facing bow to stern. No draining in dangerous waters. Swimmer moves around to their boat and pulls themselves over the rear of the boat using the rescuers deck lines. Rescuer stabilises swimmer’s boat while swimmer uses a hook and heel re-entry. Swimmer pumps out any water, refits spray deck. Rescuer monitors swimmer’s condition and when comfortable and composed, the craft separate and resume paddling.
Apply a heel & hook as an assisted rescue Rescuer leans across swimmer’s boat in front of cockpit and stabilises boat by holding onto deck lines. Swimmer places foot nearest bow into the cockpit and hooks on then reaches across to grip rescuer’s deck lines.
Use a paddle float for an unassisted rescue Paddler positions inverted boat into the wind or waves. Holds boat by placing foot inside cockpit. Attaches float to paddle blade and inflates. Lifts the bow to empty of water and flips the boat over using paddle float as an aid to buoyancy. Positions themselves beside the cockpit facing aft holding onto the coaming and paddle. Positions free end of paddle under deck lines behind cockpit. With paddle at right angles to boat pulls themselves over the rear deck supported by his outside leg on the paddle float. Facing aft the paddler gets inside leg into the cockpit followed by the outside leg with constant bracing from the paddle float. Paddler resumes seating position and retrieves the paddle float.
Accepting a tow Swimmer should up-turn the boat and move to their bow to pass the kayak to the rescuer. Move to the bow of the rescuer’s kayak.
Perform a tow Method 1. Approach the swimmer’s kayak at their bow at 450 angles. Calm the swimmer and instruct as above. Click rope onto front rope and tow.

Method 2. In safe waters empty the kayak.

Maintain position in the wind Perform upwind tail stall. Use transits to determine drift.


Perform a re-entry & roll as an unassisted rescue
Paddler enters their kayak either when it is inverted or on its side. Place paddle hand at combing side near the rear and other hand on opposite combing near the front. Enter and put feet on pegs. Roll up. Pump out water and put on the spray deck. Paddle float can be inflated while boat upside down with one foot in kayak.
Demonstrate a roll Attempt side sculling then Standard Greenland Roll
The ladder

(aka Cowboy)

– Unassisted rescue

(Not in ISSA or SSA)

Swimmer turns kayak into wind/waves. Rights and empties upturned kayak by using an eggbeater kick to support the lifting of the bow. Moves to rear of kayak and pulls their body over the stern and straddles it. Keeping a low profile pulls themselves forward and positions themselves on the seat. Using the paddle as a brace. Removes excess water and replaces spray skirt.